During the First World War (1914-1918), soldiers ordered a cease-fire truce during Christmas time, so soldiers would not have to fight on the holiday. Soldiers from opposing forces exchanged cigarettes and other goods, and even engaged in activities like football, as depicted in this photo from 1915. This Christmas Truce is now seen as a symbolic moment of peace amidst one of the bloodiest battles ever fought in history.
My heart is set upon a lusty pin…
→ the twelve olympians
You go Dionysus, god of theatre, wine, and madness - you show them all.
18 January 1486, Henry Tudor & Elizabeth of Yorks wedding
Near Christmas the House of Commons, when granting Henry VII the usual royal supplies called tonnage and poundage, added a petition, “that he would please to take the princess Elizabeth to wife,” and when this was read every member of the assembled houses of parliament rose and bowed to the king, who answered “that he was most willing so to do.” From that day Elizabeth of York was treated as queen consort.
Henry and Elizabeth were married January 18, 1486, at Westminster abbey, by their kinsman the Archbishop of Canterbury, “by whose hand,” says a quaint chronicler, “was first tied together the sweet posy of the red and white roses.”
History Meme: Seven Pairings (2/7) Anne Neville and Richard III of England
Richard and Anne had first met when he was taken into her father’s household at Middleham Castle on the death of his own father in 1460. Anne married first Edward of Westminister, the son of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou, the pair were not said to be fond of each other and Edward was killed not a year later at the Battle of Tewkesberry, after Anne was taken back to Coventery to stay with her sister Isabel and Isabel’s husband George, Duke of Clarence. In 1471 Richard declared his intentions to marry Anne, but was rejected by George who had made himself her ward as Anne’s father was dead. According to legend George dressed Anne as a servant and hid her in a London Cook shop, where Richard then found her and the two were married that night of 12 June 1472 in Westminister Abbey, they then moved to Middleham Castle-Anne and Richard’s childhood home. The two had one son Edward who was born in 1473. In 1483 when Richard’s brother Edward IV of England died, hEdward’s 12 year old son became Edward V of England, he was escorted to the Tower of London in May of 1483 and he never came back out. Edward and his siblings where declared illegitimate and Richard crowned himself King of England and Anne Queen of England. They only reigned two years (1483-1485) and Anne died of a wasting disease in March of 1485 at the age of 28, Anne was buried in Westminister Abbey and Richard was said to have wept at her funeral, he was killed only 5 months later on 22 August 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth Field, he was the last King of England to die in battle.
mythology meme ─ [2/10] books based on mythology
Le Morte d’Arthur (originally spelled Le Morte Darthur, Middle French for “the death of Arthur”) is a compilation by Sir Thomas Malory of Romance tales about the legendary King Arthur, Guinevere, Lancelot, and the Knights of the Round Table. The book interprets existing French and English stories about these figures, with some of Malory’s own original material. First published in 1485 by William Caxton, Le Morte d’Arthur is perhaps the best-known work of English-language Arthurian literature today. Many modern Arthurian writers have used Malory as their principal source, including T. H. White for his popular The Once and Future King and Tennyson for The Idylls of the King.
But she was not made for any man
“Henry arrived at Calais on October 6 , then joined his allies in besieging Boulogne. Elizabeth, left behind at Eltham in charge of her younger children, felt her husband’s absence keenly, and wrote him many letters —with “tender, frequent, and loving lines”— begging him so persuasively to return that they were among the “potent reasons” why he raised the siege, concluded a peace treaty with Charles VIII on November 3 at Étaples, and returned to England soon after November 17. This reveals how close the royal couple had become in nearly seven years of marriage —so close that they hated being apart.”
Alison Weir, Elizabeth of York: A Tudor Queen and Her World
November 1, 1963: Ngô Đình Diệm is deposed in a coup.
The Catholic anti-Communist leader of the Republic of Vietnam was elected to the presidency in a fraudulent 1955 referendum following the end of the First Indochina War. Initially supported by the United States, Diệm proceeded to enact a brutal and authoritarian (but inefficient) regime that soon became a liability to Diệm’s own American backers. Though Diệm was initially regarded as a reliable ally against the Viet Cong due to his Catholicism and uncompromising anti-Communism, his repression of suspected political dissidents as well as the nation’s Buddhist majority sparked much unrest and insurgency. When the Buddhist crisis of 1963 (and Thích Quảng Đức’s iconic act of self-immolation) brought further international attention to Diệm’s regime, the Kennedy administration consequently decided to act and re-assess their policy toward the South Vietnamese government. Two months before Diệm was deposed by his own military officials, Kennedy and his officials discussed the implications of carrying out a coup. Although the administration denied direct connections to Diệm’s deposition, State Department documents indicate clear support for the coup, and a heavy investment in its outcome. Cable 243 asserted that Diệm’s brother could not remain in a position of power and also weighed “the possibility that Diệm himself cannot be preserved”.
The coup was led by two top ARVN generals - Dương Văn Minh and Trần Văn Đôn. Their forces successfully lay siege to the presidential mansion, capturing and assassinating Diệm and his brother. President Kennedy, who was himself assassinated three weeks later, expressed some moral culpability for their deaths. The 1963 coup was followed by further attempts to establish American-approved governments to replace Diệm’s, further coups, and further U.S. intrusion in Vietnam.
The Dutch declared war against the Scillies as a legal fiction which would cover a hostile response to the Royalist fleet. In July 1651, soon after the declaration of war, the Parliamentarian forces under Admiral Robert Blake forced the Royalist fleet to surrender. The Netherlands fleet, no longer under threat, left without firing a shot. However, due to the obscurity of one nation’s declaration of war against a small part of another, the Dutch forgot to officially declare peace.
In 1985, the historian and Chairman of the Isles of Scilly Council Roy Duncan, wrote to the Dutch Embassy in London to dispose of the “myth” that the islands were still at war. But embassy staff found the myth to be accurate and Duncan invited Ambassador Jonkheer Rein Huydecoper to visit the islands and sign a peace treaty. Peace was declared on April 17, 1986, a stunning 335 years after the war began.