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Wed, 20th of August

Archaeologists say Anglo-Saxon sword discovery “couldn’t have been better scripted”

archaeologicalnews:

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Archaeologists have praised the timing and good fortune of a barrow dig on Salisbury Plain which has culminated in the discovery of 13 Anglo-Saxon graves, adding to around 62 already found at the site during previous excavations.

A surprising Anglo-Saxon burial, found in a crouched position, a range of weapons, including spearheads and shield bosses, and the fourth example of a brooch-bearing woman were among the highlights during five weeks of investigations at Barrow Clump, a Neolithic settlement which later became a Bronze Age burial mound and Saxon cemetery.

“The finding of the Anglo-Saxon sword, by Steve Winterton, couldn’t have been better scripted,” said Phil Andrews, of Wessex Archaeology, who admitted that this year’s excavations had exceeded his “relatively modest” expectations. Read more.

  #archaeology   with 168 notes
Thu, 7th of August

mythology meme:  [2/8] myths, legends, and stories

↳ pandora’s box

Although the phrase ‘Pandora’s box’ is the most common in popular use, the term ‘Pandora’s jar’ would be more appropriate. The misconception was born some time during the 16th century when Erasmus of Rotterdam translated the original Greek text into Latin. 

In classical Greek mythology, Pandora is the first human woman, created by Hephaestus at the command of Zeus. All the gods bestowed some kind of a blessing to her: Athena gave the skill for weaving and produced clothes for Pandora; Aphrodite gave charm and beauty; Hermes gave the power of speech, curiosity, and her name, Πανδώρα, (which means ‘all-gifted’ or ‘all-endowed’) to signify the unique gifts she received from the gods. She was also given a large jar (πίθος) and told not to open it under any circumstances. She was presented to Prometheus’s brother Epimetheus, who accepted her, although his brother had warned him not to accept any gifts from the gods. Of course, Pandora’s inquisitive nature gets the best of her and she opens the jar, releasing all sorts of woes unto the world to torment humankind. Only Hope remains in the jar. 

Thu, 7th of August

queenwydville:

HISTORY MEME | FASCINATING MEN [5/10} 
Donald Cameron of Lochiel (c.1700 – October 1748)

Donald Cameron of Lochiel was the grandson of Ewen Cameron of Lochiel and the eldest son of the 18th chief John Cameron of LochielAs the grandfather and father of Donald had been steadfast adherents to the cause of the Stuarts, and as the clan Cameron was both numerous and powerful, the Chevalier de St. George opened a correspondence with the present chief, and invested him with full powers to negotiate in Scotland for the restoration of the exiled dynasty. 

Although he had become a wanted man with little to lose Lochiel shared the other chief’s misgivings and, showing reluctance to even meet with the Prince, sent his brother Dr.Archibald Cameron. When Charles Edward required him to attend in person Lochiel’s brother John urged him not to go - warning him that emotion would get the better of his good judgment. Lochiel initially attempted to convince the Prince to go back while he could. However Charles Edward played on Lochiel’s sense of honor by protesting that returning to France would be a humiliating admission that he had no friends in Scotland and he would prefer to be a hunted man with a handful of followers, as for Lochiel he could stay at home and read what happened to his Prince. Lochiel fulfilled his brother’s predictions by declaring that he and his clan would take up arms and share Charles Edward’s fate. When the standard was raised the Camerons were the largest contingent present and formed the elite core of the army.

Clan Cameron lost about half their strength at Culloden, and Lochiel himself was badly wounded; he eventually made it to safety in France along with the Prince in October. Despite attempting to persuade Louis XV of France to mount a second landing, he never returned to Scotland. He took command of the French Regiment of Albany in 1747, and died in Bergues on 26 October 1748. He is buried in Bergues cemetery where there is a memorial to him. Donald’s acts contributed to his reputation for humanity; he became known to both friends and foes as the “Gentle Lochiel”, a name that carried into the romantic myths which would grow up around the Rising.

Mon, 4th of August
APOLLO, THE MOOD BOARD
Mon, 4th of August

ay-an:

M Y T H O L O G Y: Irish mythology → Sadhbh   

Daughter of Bodb Dearg. Sister of Daireann.Mother of Oisin by Finn mac Cool. Sadhbh was enchanted to take the form of a doe for refusing the love of Fear Doirche, the dark druid of the Men of Dea. ()

Mon, 4th of August

facina-oris:

MYTHOLOGY MEME - [7/?] GREEK GODS/GODDESSES: HERMES

"The god of speed and distant messages

A golden crown above his shining eyes

His slender staff held out before him

And little wings fluttering at his ankles.”

Mon, 4th of August

morgensterrnn:

Mythology Meme: [1/1] Mythology  » Norse

The cosmos in Norse mythology consist of Nine Worlds that flank a central cosmological tree, Yggdrasil. Units of time and elements of the cosmology are personified as deities or beings. Various forms of a creation myth are recounted, where the world is created from the flesh of the primordial being Ymir, and the first two humans are Ask and Embla. These worlds are foretold to be reborn after the events of Ragnarök, when an immense battle occurs between the gods and their enemies, and the world is enveloped in flames, only to be reborn anew. There the surviving gods will meet, and the land will be fertile and green, and two humans will repopulate the world.

Mon, 4th of August

farewell-fair-cruelty:

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Egyptian Mythology: Sekhmet.

Ra, the old king of the Gods, became angry with wayward humankind and in his wrath ripped out his own eye and threw it at mankind. This divine eye became the goddess Sekhmet, who in the form of a lioness set about slaughtering humans, butchering them and drinking their blood. Ra, seeing this, realized that with her rage and blood thirst, no humans would survive her wrath and so he tried to calm her. But she refused to listen, finding too much joy in killing. So Ra then filled a lake with a mixture of beer and pomegranate juice, and Sekhmet, thinking it blood, drank the whole thing and fell asleep. 

Book of the Heavenly Cow. 

Her name reflects her function and means, the (one who is) powerful. She also was given titles such as the (One) Before Whom Evil Trembles, the Mistress of Dread, and the Lady of Slaughter.

Sekhmet was believed to protect the pharaoh in battle, stalking the land, and destroying the pharaoh’s enemies with arrows of fire. An early Egyptian sun deity also, her body was said to take on the bright glare of the midday sun, gaining her the title Lady of Flame. It was said that death and destruction were balm for her warrior’s heart and that the hot desert winds were believed to be her breath.

Sun, 3rd of August

coloursilluminateweareshining:

History Meme » Dido Elizabeth Belle

Who Was Belle?

Dido Elizabeth Belle was born in 1761, likely in what was then known as the British West indies, to a nobleman and a woman believed to be a slave. Her father, Sir John Lindsay, was a navy captain, and her mother, Maria Belle, was an African woman that Lindsay is thought to have found on a Spanish ship in the Caribbean, according to The Guardian. Her parents were not married. Dido was named after her mother, her great-uncle’s first wife, Elizabeth, and for Dido the Queen of Carthage, USA Today reports. “Dido” was the name of a popular 18th century play, William Murray, a descendant of Dido’s great-uncle, told USA Today. “It was probably chosen to suggest her elevated status,” he added. “It says: ‘This girl is precious, treat her with respect”.

A New Beginning

At about age 6, Dido parted ways with her mother and was sent to live with her great-uncle, William Murray, Earl of Mansfield, and his wife. The couple was childless and already raising another great-niece, Lady Elizabeth Murray, whose mother had died. It’s unknown how Dido felt about the separation from her mother, but the split resulted in the mixed-race child being raised as an aristocrat rather than as a slave.

Growing up in Kenwood, an estate outside of London, allowed Dido to receive an education. She even served as the earl’s legal secretary. Misan Sagay, who wrote the screenplay for the film “Belle,” said that the earl appeared to treat Dido nearly equally to her completely European cousin.  Sagay believes that the earl and Dido were very close, as he mentions her “lovingly in his diaries,” she told USA Today.

A 1779 painting of Dido and her cousin Elizabeth that now hands in Scotland’s Scone Palace signals that Dido’s skin color did not give her inferior status at Kenwood. The painting shows both she and her cousin dressed in finery. The painting is largely responsible for generating public interest in Dido over the years, as is the notion, which remains in dispute, that she influenced her uncle, who served as Lord Chief Justice, to make legal decisions that led slavery in England to be abolished. 

The one indication that Dido’s skin colour did result in her being differently at Kenwood is that she was forbidden to take part in formal dinners with her family members. Instead, she had to join them after such meals concluded.

The Last Chapter

Although Dido was slighted during meals, William Murray cared enough about her to want her to live autonomously after his death. He left her an inheritance and granted Dido her freedom when he died at age 88 in 1793.

After her great-uncle’s death, Dido married Frenchman John Davinier and bore him three sons. She died just seven years after her great-uncle’s death. She is about 43 years old. 

 

Sun, 3rd of August

mythology meme:  [4/9] deities

↳ Amaterasu-ōmikami

Amaterasu-ōmikami (天照大神) is a goddess of the sun. Along with her brothers Susanowa the storm god and Tsuki-yomi the moon god, she is tasked with the governing of the Universe; her responsibility is to bring light to the world and thus ensure rice fields’ fertility. It is said that the Japanese imperial family are descendants of Amaterasu. 

Sun, 3rd of August

facina-oris:

but under compulsion and by will of the immortals, men promote this rough Eris.
Sun, 3rd of August

facina-oris:

MYTHOLOGY MEME - {2/?] MESOPOTAMIAN GODS/GODDESSES: NERGAL

"Nergal listened to her and relaxed his grip.

He wept and was overcomeWhen she said:

"You can be my husband, and I can be your wife,

I will let you seizeKingship over the wide Earth! I will

put the tablet of wisdom in your hand,

You can be master, I can be mistress.”

( requested by belleillumina )

Sun, 3rd of August
You think I’m not a  g o d d e s s ?
Sun, 3rd of August
Walk: A mix for a modern day Orpheus and Eurydice. 

For Kara.